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New industry Technology regarding to Bussmann fuse, ABB breakers, Amphenol connectors, HPS transformers, etc. 

Current Limiting Fuse, Fuse Cross Reference(HJ Family, Hi-Tech, Cooper Power System)

Time:2023-10-23   Author:As Beam   Browse:

1. What is Current Limiting Fuse?


A current-limiting fuse is a critical component in electrical systems, designed to reduce current in a faulty circuit to a level significantly lower than what would be available with a solid conductor of comparable impedance. To earn the label "current limiting," the fuse must be paired with a fuse box or holder equipped with a suppression feature. Modern current-limiting fuses, or CLFs, operate swiftly, clearing faults within 180 electrical degrees or the first half of an electrical cycle (0.00833s). Unlike older designs relying on mechanical parts like springs or levers, contemporary CLFs feature enclosed housings, tubes, or bodies without moving components, operating based on principles of physical thermal energy.


It's noteworthy that UL Class H "renewable" fuses designed decades ago are not considered current-limiting. With the exception of miniature fuses, almost all fuse types used in today's electrical systems are current-limiting, meeting specific parameters. Choosing the appropriate degree of current limitation is crucial to safeguard devices and systems effectively. Additionally, it's vital to ensure that matching fuse holders and boxes accept only specified UL-rated fuses and reject non-current limiting ones. Current-limiting fuses not only limit let-through current, providing thermal and magnetic protection, but also enhance workplace safety by minimizing personnel exposure to incident energy during fault conditions. Compared to non-current limiting Overcurrent Protective Devices (OCPDs), especially at 600 amps and below, CLFs significantly reduce arc flash hazards.


Fuses play a pivotal role in protecting components and equipment from extreme thermal and magnetic forces by swiftly clearing fault current within the first half or quarter cycle. Properly sized fuses can prevent extensive damage, aiding compliance with NEC 110.10 standards. Moreover, fuse current limiting helps devices achieve high Short-Circuit Current Ratings (SCCR). In industrial control panels, machines, HVAC control panels, and other UL 508A certified equipment, branch circuit components can be safeguarded in feeder circuits. Maintaining a minimum ampere ratio between upstream and downstream fuses, such as 2:1 for Bussmann series low peak fuses, achieves selective coordination, preventing fault currents from needlessly disrupting upstream circuits.

Pad Mount Transformer Protection.jpg


Eaton offers its Cooper Power system ELSP current-limiting backup fuse, used in series with low current primary protection devices like Bay-O-Net fuse or its Cooper Power system MagneX interrupter. The ELSP fuse is compatible with transformer oil, Envirotemp FR3 fluid, or approved equivalents. Its highly efficient current-limiting section minimizes the impact of high fault current stresses on equipment and the distribution system. By coordinating its minimum interrupting rating with that of a low current interrupter, the ELSP fuse avoids undesirable low current operation while still clearing the highest likely fault currents. Connecting two fuses in parallel allows achieving higher continuous current ratings.


Installed in transformers, the ELSP fuse protects and isolates faulted equipment. When coupled with a low current primary protection device, it forms a two-part protection system providing a full range of fault protection. This system combines low current protection through a replaceable expulsion fuse or resettable MagneX interrupter with energy-limiting protection from a current-limiting fuse. Together, they seamlessly coordinate with upstream and downstream devices, ensuring comprehensive electrical safety.


Cooper Power System Bay-O-Net Fuse.jpg

2. Eaton Cooper Power System Current limiting fuse


Eaton’s Cooper Power series current-limiting fuses provide overload protection for all overhead, indoor and underground cable distribution systems and are used for transformer protection, capacitor protection and sectionalising. They have become integral parts of many distribution systems because of their desirable characteristics of noiseless interruption, no expulsion violence, current-limiting action and very high current-interrupting capability.  



3. The core feature of Cooper Power System Current Limiting Fuse


Wide variety of mounting options to meet application needs


Full range and partial range current-limiting fuse options


The current limit fuse operates silently, unlike expulsion fuses


The expulsive shower that exists with an expulsion fuse operation is eliminated, offering increased safety to line personnel during circuit energization operations and a wild fire mitigation option for utilities Cutout-mounted options with the reliable drop-open design makes locating the fault easy


Mersen Current Limiting Fuse.jpg

4. What does a current-limiting fuse do?


A general-purpose current- limiting fuse is able to safely interrupt all values of fault current from the current that causes the fuse to operate in one hour or more up to the rated maximum Interrupting current of the fuse.


5. Current Limiting Fuse of Pad Mount Transformer Cross Reference(HJ Family, Hi-Tech, Cooper Power System)

BrandH-J FamilyHi-TechCooper Power System
8.3kV Class Current Limiting Fuse
15.5kV Class Current Limiting Fuse
17.2kV Class Current Limiting Fuse
25.5kV Class Current Limiting Fuse
38kV Class Current Limiting Fuse

6. current limiting fuse calculator

1. Bussmann series FC2 Available Fault Current Calculator

FC2 Mobile App Quickly Delivers Fault Current Calculations in the Palm of Your Hand

  • Makes point-to-point calculations easy

  • Calculate three-phase and single-phase faults

  • Create and e-mail NEC® 110.24 compliant labels and one-line diagrams

  • Fuse sizing guide assists with fuse and conductor sizing

  • Available for Apple and Android mobile devices

  • Or use the online version

2. Bussmann "Current Limiting" medium voltage fuse selector

 Current Limiting

3.Eaton's Cooper Power series TransFusion Coordination 

 Eaton's Cooper Power series TransFusion Coordination Program is designed for use by electrical utility specification engineers, transformer designers and manufacturers, and electrical power consultants. Based on proper user input of transformer specification data, results will be a recommendation of properly coordinated Eaton' Cooper Power series transformer protection devices.

Eaton's Cooper Power series TransFusion Coordination .png

7. How does a current limiting fuse work?

A current-limiting fuse is a type of electrical fuse that is designed to limit the amount of current that can flow through a circuit in the event of a short circuit or overload. Its primary function is to protect electrical equipment and prevent damage to the wiring and other components in the event of a fault. Here's how it works:

1. Basic Fuse Operation:

Normal Current Flow: Under normal operating conditions, the current flows through the fuse without any issues. The fuse element (usually made of a metal or alloy) has a low resistance, allowing the current to pass through.

Overload or Short Circuit: When there is a sudden surge in current due to an overload or short circuit, the current passing through the fuse increases significantly.

2. Melting the Fuse Element:

Heat Buildup: The increased current passing through the fuse generates heat. This heat causes the fuse element to reach a critical temperature.

Melting: When the current exceeds the rated value for the fuse and continues for a specific amount of time, the fuse element melts due to the heat. This effectively creates an open circuit, interrupting the flow of electricity.

3. Current Limitation:

Rapid Response: Current-limiting fuses are designed to respond very quickly to overcurrent conditions. Their response time is critical in preventing damage.

Limiting Current: By melting rapidly, the fuse limits the amount of current that can flow through the circuit. This rapid interruption of the current helps prevent extensive damage to the equipment and wiring by limiting the energy released during a fault.

4. Arc Suppression:

Arc Extinction: When a fuse interrupts a high-current fault, an electrical arc can form between the melting fuse element contacts. Current-limiting fuses are designed to suppress and extinguish this arc quickly, preventing damage that could be caused by sustained arcing.

5. Choosing the Right Fuse:

Proper Sizing: It's crucial to select a current-limiting fuse with the appropriate current rating for the specific application. Using a fuse with the correct rating ensures that it will respond appropriately to overcurrent conditions and provide effective protection.

New industry Technology regarding to Bussmann fuse, ABB breakers, Amphenol connectors, HPS transformers, etc. 

TAG:   Current Limiting Fuse Cooper Power System Fuse Cross Reference